EU-EN 71-1:2011+A3:2014 - Mechanical and Physical Properties of Toys Published

Date: May 16, 2014

EU-EN 71-1:2011+A3:2014 - Mechanical and Physical Properties of Toys Published

From 1 October 2014, two newly published amendments to EN 71-1, the European safety standard for the mechanical and physical properties of toys, will take effect.  The main changes are as follows:

Paper and paperboard

- Paper has been re-defined, but is still based on a mass per unit area of 400 g/m² or less.

- Paperboard is newly defined to include card, cardboard and similar cellulose fibre materials
  with a mass per unit area greater than 400 g/m².

  o   Please note this term was previously used, along with paper, to describe those
        materials below the 400 g/m² threshold.

Toys intended for children under 36 months of age – Small parts

 - Paperboard toys and parts of toys:

  o   Shall not be small parts as received.

  o   Shall not detach as small parts under a new 25 N tension test.

  o   Are not subjected to the other abuse tests (e.g. torque, 50 N/90N tension, drop, impact,
        compression, and soaking tests).

 -  Felt, elasticized fabrics and elasticized threads are now included with “fabric,” and so will
  not be 
treated as small parts.

Packaging – Plastic bags

- Packaging polybags with an opening perimeter of 380 mm or less will also be required to
  have a mean thickness of at least 0.038 mm, but only if the uncut bag has an area of at
  least 100 mm x 100 mm.

Warnings – Legibility and visibility

- Printed warnings shall consider new good practice criteria; based on the consumer
  products  information guidelines in ISO/IEC Guide 37 and CEN/CENELEC Guide 11.

- Key points, to ensure that warnings are clearly legible and visible, include:

  o   Prominent location so that the warning(s) can be readily seen by the user.

  o   Text color with a good contrast to a single, or at most lightly patterned, background.

  o   Simple font in an easy-to-read size (although no minimum font is specified).

  o   No high gloss surfaces or transparent backgrounds, which can be too distracting and
        obscure the text.

  o   Avoid using too much text; as large blocks of text are less likely to be read.

  o   Keep warnings separate from other information; to provide emphasis and avoid

  o   Clearly indicate and separate different languages.

Magnets – Gauss meter

- The specification has been corrected to include a broader range of Gauss meters on the
  market that are suitable for testing the magnetic flux index of magnets in toys.

EN 71-1:2011+A3:2014 should be published by each of the CEN national standards bodies by the end of September, with a reference expected to appear shortly in the EU Official Journal.

 Should you have any queries on the above information, please contact: Richard Smith, tel: +44 (0)116 263 9620 / fax: +44 (0)116 282 4586 / e-mail: or


Select the language you would like to use:

This setting will be saved in your computer if you have cookie enabled.