Trade Guide: India

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With a population of 1.2 billion people, India (official name: the Republic of India) is the second most populous country in the world, and thanks to its remarkable growth in recent decades, has become the world’s fourth largest economy, and the third largest in Asia, behind China and Japan.

Key Sectors

 India leading industrial sectors include:  textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software, and pharmaceuticals.  The leading agricultural sectors are:  rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, lentils, onions, potatoes, dairy products, sheep, goats, poultry, and fish.  Industry and agriculture account for roughly 17% of GDP each, with services contributing the remaining 66%.

The US government has identified the following sectors as holding particular promise for export to India:

Commercial Sectors

• Defense and Civil Aviation

• Education Services

• Environment and Water

• Franchising

• Healthcare and Medical Equipment

• Transportation Infrastructure (Roads, Ports, Railways)

• Mining and Mineral Processing Equipment

• Plastics

• Power and Renew able Energy

• Travel and Tourism

 Agricultural Sectors

• Cotton

• Tree Nuts and Dry Fruits

• Wood Products

• Fresh Fruits

• Pulses

• Vegetable Oil

• Planting Seeds

• Snack Foods

• Hides and Skins

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